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maps are also distinct for the global knowledge required to construct them. A meaningful map of the world could not be constructed before the European Renaissance because less than half of the earth's coastlines, let alone its interior regions, were known to any culture. New knowledge of the earth's surface has been accumulating ever since and continues to this day. Maps of the world generally focus either on political features or on physical features. Political maps emphasize territorial boundaries and human settlement. Physical maps show geographic features such as mountains, soil type or land use. Geological maps show not only the surface, but characteristics of the underlying rock, fault lines, and subsurface structures. Choropleth maps use color hue and intensity to contrast differences between regions, such as demographic or economic statistics.
The Roman calendar Rome

The Roman calendar

Rome (/ˈroʊm/ rohm; Italian: Roma [ˈroːma] ( listen), Latin: Rōma) is a city and special comune (named “Roma Capitale”) in Rome is located in Italy RomeItaly. Rome is the capital of Italy and of the Lazio region. With 2.9 million residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), it is also the country’s largest and most populated comune and fourth-most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. The Metropolitan City of Rome has a population of 4.3 million residents. The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of Tiber river. Vatican City is an independent country within the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states.

Rome’s history spans more than two and a half thousand years. While Roman mythology dates the founding of Rome at only around 753 BC, the site has been inhabited for much longer, making it one of the oldest continuously occupied sites in Europe.[5] The city’s early population originated from a mix of Latins, Etruscans and Sabines. Eventually, the city successively became the capital of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, and is regarded as one of the birthplaces of Western civilization and as the first ever metropolis.It is referred to as “Roma Aeterna” (The Eternal City) and “Caput Mundi” (Capital of the World), two central notions in ancient Roman culture.

After the fall of the Western Empire, which marked the beginning of the Middle Ages, Rome slowly fell under the political control of the Papacy, which had settled in the city since the 1st century AD, until in the 8th century it became the capital of the Papal States, which lasted until 1870.

Roman Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Rome

Roman Empire – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

Rome city break guide - Telegraph Rome

Rome city break guide – Telegraph

 

Boutique Hotel Rome Termini - Hotel Alpi Official Site Rome

Boutique Hotel Rome Termini – Hotel Alpi Official Site

 

File:Trevi Fountain Rome (capital edit).jpg - Wikipedia, the free ... Rome

File:Trevi Fountain Rome (capital edit).jpg – Wikipedia, the free …

 

Rome city break guide - Telegraph Rome

Rome city break guide – Telegraph

 

Rome Travel Tips from Rail Europe Rome

Rome Travel Tips from Rail Europe

 

Rome Highlights - Lonely Planet Rome

Rome Highlights – Lonely Planet
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